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YBible Language Tutorials for the BeginnerY

 

LESSON THREE - PLURAL AND DUEL


ENGLISH GRAMMAR REMINDER:

  • Plural nouns are nouns that describes more than one thing. For example - Goose is singular, Geese is plural. Why? There is one goose - just one - a single entity - but there are many geese. Many things means the noun is plural.

Plural versus Duel

  1. In Hebrew, there are two kinds of plural nouns - plural and duel.

  2. Some words in Hebrew are only plural - they do not have a singular form. 'Water' is one example. It always has a plural form in Hebrew. You learn it in its plural form.

    \/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/
    \/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/
    \/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/

  3. In English we do different things to make a noun plural. For some words we add a suffix of 's' or 'es.' At other times, we change the middle of the word - goose becomes geese, mouse becomes mice. Still at other times, we use different suffixes - 'child' becomes 'children,' and so on. In Hebrew, plural suffixes are determined by gender. A female plural will have a different suffix from a male plural.

  4. Plural implies more than one. In Hebrew, some words are 'duel.' This means the noun implies two things. For example 'eyes' implies two eyes, 'ears' implies two ears, and so on. Thus, the Duel form is used. It looks different from the ordinary plural forms.

  5. Like with the genders, there are a few guidelines to determine duel words.
/\   /\   /\   /\   /\  
o   o   o   o   o  
\/   \/   \/   \/   \/  

You can see this Hebrew tutorial on the internet for an idea of this (Alert: It does have an emphasis on teaching modern Hebrew too though...)

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