Parallel Index
The Memra Commentary is currently in development.

Text Date About Genre Source Language
Ancient Near East     Multiple Pagan  
Apocrypha     Aggadah Judaic  
Avot deRabbi Nathan       Judaic  
Baal Shem Tov     Rabbinic Judaic  
Bahir     Kabbalah Judaic  
Chasam Sofer 1800's Rabbi Moshe Sofer Rabbinic Judaic  
Choftez Chayim   Rabbi Yisrael Meir Ha-Cohen Rabbinic Judaic  
Church Fathers   Jerome, Papias Multiple Christian  
Dead Sea Scrolls     Multiple Judaic  
Galen 129-199        
Gershonides     Rabbinic Judaic  
Gnostic Texts     Gnostic Gnostic  
Josephus     History Judaic  
Koran     Multiple Islamic  
Pesikta Rabbati     Midrash Judaic  
Peshitta     Translation Aramaic  
Peshitto     Translation Aramaic  
Philo of Alexandria     Multiple Judaic  
Pseudipigrapha     Multiple Judaic  
Maimonides     Rabbinic Judaic  
Midrash Rabbah     Midrash Judaic  
Midrash Tanchuma     Midrash Judaic  
Mishnah     Halakha Judaic  
Nachmanides     Rabbinic Judaic  
Nag Hammadi Codex     Gnostic Christian Gnostic Christian Coptic
NT Apocrypha     Multiple Christian  
Pliny the Younger 111-112 AD   Roman Roman Latin
Rashi     Rabbinic Judaic  
Sefer Yetzirah     Kabbalah Judaic  
Septuagint (LXX)     Translation Judaic Greek
Shulkhan Arukh     Halakha Judaic  
Sifra     Multiple Judaic  
Sifre to Deuteronomy       Judaic  
Sifre to Leviticus       Judaic  
Suetonius 115 AD   Roman Roman Latin
Talmud Bavli       Judaic  
Talmud Yerushalmi     Multiple Judaic  
Tanakh     Multiple Judaic  
Tanya     Kabbalah Judaic  
Targum     Targum Judaic  
Vulgate     Translation Christian Latin
Zohar     Kabbalah Judaic  

 

Scripture Judaic Source Subject
Matthew 1:1 1. Tanakh, Isaiah 11:1  
Matthew 2:1 1. Josephus, Antiquities, 17.7.1
2. Josephus, Wars 1.31.8
3. Talmud Bavli, Sukkah 51b
4. Talmud Bavli, Taanit 23a
5. Talmud Bavli, Bava Batra 3b-4a
6. Talmud Bavli, Avodah Zarah 9a
1.
2.
3. Talmud mentions Herod's building of the Temple and its glory
4. "In the days of Herod" people were rebuilding the Temple
5. Backstory on Herod, was a slave of Hasmoneans, killed the rabbis
6. House of Herod ruled 103 years
Matthew 2:2-16 1. Josephus, Antiquities 17.2.4  
Matthew 2:11 1. Midrash Rabbah, Genesis XCVII  
Matthew 2:13 1. Talmud Bavli, Baba Batra 4a  
Matthew 2:22 1. Josephus, Antiquities 17.8.1  
Matthew 3:16 1. Midrash Rabbah, Genesis II:4  
Matthew 4:24 1. Midrash Rabbah, Leviticus XXVI:5
2. Midrash Rabbah, Numbers XII:3
 
Matthew 6:7 1. Mishnah, Avot 2:13B  
Matthew 7:12 1. Mishnah, Avot 2:10B  
Matthew 7:13-14 1. Mishnah, Avot 2:9  
Matthew 7:24-27 1. Mishnah, Avot 3:17 I - N  
Matthew 9:34 1. Talmud Bavli, Shabbat 104a 1. Satan is called the "Prince of Gehenna"
Matthew 12:36 1. Mishnah, Avot 1:11
2. Mishnah, Avot 3:1
3. Mishnah, Avot 4:22O
 
Matthew 12:9-13 1. Tosefta, Shabbat 15-11-13  
Matthew 12:18 1. Josephus, Antiquities 18.2.4  
Matthew 13:55 1. Josephus, Antiquities 20. 9.1  
Matthew 16:13 1. Numbers Rabbah XII:3  
Matthew 18:7 1. Mishnah, Avot 5:18  
Matthew 18:20 1. Mishnah, Avot 3:2E-3-6  
Matthew 22:15-22 1. Josephus, War 2.8.1
2. Josephus, Antiquities 18.1.1
 
Matthew 22:21 1. Mishnah, Avot 3:7  
Matthew 22:23 1. Josephus, War 2.8.14  
Matthew 23:1 1. Josephus, Antiquities 13.171-173
2. Josephus, Antiquities 18.1.2-3
3. Josephus, War 2.8.14
 
Matthew 23:12 1. Mishnah, Avot 4:4  
Matthew 26:11 1. Tanakh, Deuteronomy 15:11
2. Talmud Bavli, Shabbat 63a
 
Mark 1:10 1. Midrash Rabbah, Genesis II:4  
Mark 3:26 1. Talmud Bavli, Gittin 52a 1. R. Meir drives satan from his house by making peace between two quarrelers
Mark 4:22 1. Mishnah, Avot 2:4.IV  
Mark 5:10 1. Talmud Bavli, Kiddushin 81a 1. R. Amram adjures the Tempter to go forth from him
Mark 6:3 1. Josephus, Antiquities 20. 9.1  
Mark 8:27 1. Midrash Rabbah, Numbers XII:3  
Mark 12:13-17 1. Josephus, Antiquities 18.1.1
2. Josephus, War 2.8.1
 
Mark 12:17 1. Mishnah, Avot 3:7  
Mark 12:32-34, 41-44 1. Josephus, Antiquities 6.7.4  
Mark 14:7 1. Tanakh, Deuteronomy 15:11
2. Talmud Bavli, Shabbat 63a
 
Luke 1:5 1. Josephus, Antiquities, 17.7.1
2. Josephus, War, 1.31.8
 
Luke 2:1 1. Josephus, Antiquities 18.1.1  
Luke 2:42 1. Josephus, Life of Josephus 1.2  
Luke 3:1 1. Josephus, Antiquities 18.2.2
2. Josephus, War 2.6.3
 
Luke 3:3 1. Josephus, Antiquities 18.5.2-3  
Luke 8:17 1. Mishnah, Avot 2:4.IV  
Luke 9:51 1. Josephus, Antiquities 20.6.1
2. Josephus, War 2.12.3-4
 
Luke 13:1 1. Josephus, Antiquities 18.3.2
2. Josephus, War 2.9.4
 
Luke 20:19-26 1. Josephus, Antiquities 18.1.1
2. Josephus, War 2.8.1
 
Luke 20:25 1. Mishnah, Avot 3:7  
Luke 20:27 1. Josephus, Antiquities 18.2.4
2. Josephus, War 2.8.14
 
Luke 21:2-4 1. Josephus,  Antiquities 6.7.4  
Luke 23:18 1. Josephus, Antiquities 18.2.4
2. Josephus, War 2.8.14
 
Luke 24:19-27 1. Josephus, Antiquities 18.3.3  
John 1:1 1. Tanakh, Genesis 1:1
2. Philo, On the Confusion of Tongues XXVIII
3. Philo, Q&A on Genesis II
4. Philo, On Dreams, Book I
5. Philo, Who is Heir of Divine Things
6. Talmud Bavli, Sanhedrin 26b
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6. The world is founded upon the words of the Torah
John 1:3 1. Mishnah, Avot 3:14
2. Mishnah, Avot 5:1
 
John 1:33 1. Midrash Rabbah Genesis II:4  
John 5:39 1. Mishnah, Avot 2:7D  
John 6:27 1. Mishnah, Avot 4:11D-E  
John 8:12 1. Mishnah, Sukkah 5:3
2. Talmud Bavli, Baba Batra 4a
 
John 9:7 1. Mishnah, Sukkah 4:10  
John 10:20 1. Midrash Rabbah Numbers XIX:8  
John 12:9 1. Tanakh, Deuteronomy 15:11
2. Talmud Bavli, Shabbat 63a
 
Acts 2:45 1. Josephus, War 2.7.4
2. Josephus, Antiquities18.2.5
 
Acts 5:17 1. Josephus, Antiquities 18.2.4
2. Josephus, War 2.8.14
 
Acts 5:33-39 1. Josephus, Antiquities 20.5.1
2. Josephus, Antiquities 20.5.2
 
Acts 5:34 1. Mishnah, Gittin 4:2 - 3
2. Mishnah, Orlah 2:12
3. Mishnah, Yevamot 16:7
4. Mishnah, Middot 5:4F
 
Acts 11:27-28 1. Josephus, Antiquities 20.2.5
2. Josephus, Antiquities 20.5.2
 
Acts 12:20 1. Josephus, Antiquities 19.8.2  
Acts 15:1-20 1. Josephus, Antiquities 20.2.3-4  
Acts 18:1-2 1. Josephus, Antiquities 18.3.5  
Acts 21:26 1. Josephus, War 5.5.2
2. Josephus, Antiquities 15.11.5
3. Josephus, War 6.2.4
 
Acts 21:37-38 1. Josephus, Antiquities 20.8.5
2. Josephus, War 2.13.5
 
Acts 22:3 1. Mishnah, Gittin 4:2 - 3
2. Mishnah, Orlah 2:12
3. Mishnah, Yevamot 16:7
 
Acts 23:2 1. Josephus, Antiquities 20.5.2  
Acts 23:8 1. Josephus, Antiquities 18.2.4
2. Josephus, War 2.8.14
 
Acts 24:1 1. Josephus, Antiquities 20.5.2  
Acts 24:24 1. Josephus, Antiquities 20.7.1  
Acts 24:27-25:2 1. Josephus, Antiquities 20.8.9-10  
Acts 25:13 1. Mishnah, Sotah, 7:8  
Acts 25:13 1. Josephus, Antiquities 20.7.3  
Acts 26:4 - 5 1. Josephus, Life of Josephus 12  
Acts 26:27-28 1. Josephus, Antiquities 20.7.3  
Romans 1 1. Philo, On the Creation 1.11  
Romans 8:31 1. Mishnah, Avot 1:14  
Romans 14:12 1. Mishnah, Avot 3:1
2. Mishnah, Avot 4:22O
 
1 Corinthians 8:1 1. Mishnah, Avot 2:8B  
1 Corinthians 15 1. Philo, Allegorical Interpretation, pg. 28  
2 Corinthians 11:14 1. Talmud Bavli, Kiddushin 81a 1. Satan appears to R. Meir in the guise of a woman
Ephesians 6:17 1. Midrash Rabbah, Numbers XII:3  
Colossians 2 1. Philo, On the Confusion of Tongues  
Hebrews 1. On Dreams, Book 1  
Hebrews 4:12 1. Numbers Rabbah XII:3  
Hebrews 13:17 1. Mishnah, Avot 4:22O  
1 Peter 4:5 1. Mishnah, Avot 4:22O  
Jude 1:9 1. Tanakh, Zechariah 3:2
2. Talmud Bavli, Kiddushin 81b
3. Exodus Rabbah XVIII:5
1. The Lord rebuke Satan
2. Pelimo is told not to curse satan, but say, "The Merciful rebuke Satan".
Revelation 1:4 1. Tanakh, Isaiah 11:1-2 1. Sevenfold Spirit/Names of the 7 Attributes
Revelation 1:6 1. Tanakh, Exodus 19:5-6 1. Kingdom of Kohanim
Revelation 1:7 1. Tanakh, Daniel 7:13-15
2. Tanakh, Zechariah 12:10
3. Talmud Bavli, Sukkah 52a
1. Son of Man, Coming with the Clouds of Heaven
2. Every eye will see Him, even those who pierced Him
3. The mourning is for the slaying of the Messiah, Son of Joseph
Revelation 1:14 1. Tanakh, Isaiah 1:18
2. Tanakh,
Daniel 7:9
3. Tanakh, Daniel 12:10
3. New Testament, Matthew 17:2
4. New Testament, Matthew 28:3
5. New Testament, Mark 9:3
6. New Testament, Luke 9:29
7. New Testament, Revelation 3:4-5, 18
8. New Testament, Revelation 6:11
9. New Testament, Revelation 7:9-14
1. The color white symbolizes purity, sinlessness
2. Hair white as wool, like snow
3. The righteous shall be made white
Revelation 6:1-8 1. Mishnah, Avot 5:8-9  
     
Revelation 9:1    
Revelation 9:6 1. Genesis Rabbah XXXVI:1  
Revelation 12:3 1. Talmud Bavli, Kiddushin 29b 1. A demon appears to R. Aha b. Jacob in the form of a 7 headed dragon
Revelation 12:7 1. Exodus Rabbah XVIII:5  
Revelation 12:10 1. Talmud Bavli, Yoma 20a
2. Midrash Rabbah Genesis XXXVIII:7
3. Midrash Rabbah Genesis LXXXIV:7
4. Midrash Rabbah Genesis XCI:9
5. Midrash Rabbah Exodus XVIII:5
1. Satan has no permission to act as accuser on Yom Kippur
2.
3.
4.
5.
Revelation 13:1 1. Talmud Bavli, Bava Batra 74b 1. Details about Leviathan of the sea, and Behemoth of the earth
Revelation 13:18 1. Mishnah, Avot 3:18B  
Revelation 19:12 1. Tanakh, Zechariah 6:14  
Revelation 19:12 1. Mishnah, Middot 3:8  
Revelation 20:8 1. Talmud Bavli, Berakhot 7b
2. Talmud Bavli, Berakhot 10a
3. Talmud Bavli, Berakhot 13a
4. Talmud Bavli, Berakhot 58a
5. Talmud Bavli, Shabbat 118a
6. Talmud Bavli, Pesachim 118a
7. Talmud Bavli, Megilah 11a
8. Talmud Bavli, Megilah 31a
9. Talmud Bavli, Sanhedrin 17a
10. Talmud Bavli, Sanhedrin 94a-95b
11. Talmud Bavli, Sanhedrin 97b
12. Talmud Bavli, Avodah Zarah 3b
1. Mentions the wars of Gog and Magog
Revelation 22:1 1. Tanakh, Ezekiel 47:1  
Revelation 22:1 1. Mishnah, Middot 2:6O  
     

Scripture Judaic Source Subject
Isaiah 9:5 Deuteronomy Rabbah I:20  
Zechariah 9:9 Genesis Rabbah LXXV:6  

 

References and Sources
1. G.J. Goldberg, New Testament Parallels to the Works of Josephus
http://members.aol.com/FLJOSEPHUS/ntparallels.htm
2. The Mishnah, A New Translation, Jacob Neusner, Yale University Press